Understanding First-Lien HELOCs and Other Equity Options

Home financed with HELOC mortgage

Ever hear of the term HELOC loan or HELOC mortgage before? HELOC stands for home equity line of credit. Normally it’s known as a “second mortgage”. As a homeowner, you can leverage your home as collateral for another loan, giving you access to significant funds in the process. Because it’s often a second loan, the term and repayment schedule remain separate from your mortgage.

Something you may not realize — a HELOC can also be written in the first lien position, so there is no second mortgage and no separate terms to worry about.

How does a first lien HELOC work?

A first lien HELOC is a line of credit and mortgage in one. It often works by replacing your existing mortgage, taking over as first lien or first mortgage. But unlike a traditional mortgage, it also works as a checking account, similar to a home equity loan. Borrowers are able to apply direct deposits to the loan principal — reducing mortgage interest and home loan term. You can also withdraw cash (in the form of a home equity loan) for the 30 year loan duration without having to refinance.

People choose a first lien HELOC to pay homes off sooner and build equity faster, while having the ability to draw out funds as they are needed.

Not a homeowner yet? Not a problem. Another advantage to a first lien HELOC, specifically the American Financing All in One Mortgage (first lien HELOC), is it can be used for new home purchases. It’s home financing and personal banking combined into one fluid financial tool.

Learn more about first lien HELOCs.

How much money can I access?

A HELOC usually provides anywhere from 80%-90% of your home’s value in cash, less the balance remaining on your mortgage. It’s adjusted based on your creditworthiness and ability to pay off debt.

Whether in the first or second mortgage position, HELOCs can be a potential money management tool for paying large expenses such as home renovations, high-interest credit card debt, medical bills, or even college tuition or student loan debt.

Let’s try an example. Say your home is worth $400,000 with a remaining balance of $200,000 on your first mortgage, and your lender is allowing you to access up to 80% of your home’s equity:

  • $400,000 x 80% = $320,000

  • $320,000 - $200,00 = $120,000, your max HELOC available after paying off your existing mortgage

It’s important to know that most HELOCs have variable interest rates so they’re subject to change over time. This is dependent on increases or decreases in benchmark interest rates, such as the prime rate. Rate adjustments can be frequent, and they can increase significantly during periods of inflation.To calculate your rate, lenders start off with the prime rate, then increase it depending on your credit profile.

Is a home equity loan a better option?

Many confuse HELOCs with home equity loans. While both are considered second mortgages, a HELOC is simply more flexible, letting you use your home’s value in the exact amount you need. On the other hand, a home equity loan provides a lump sum withdrawal.

Another difference: home equity loans are usually issued with a fixed-rate interest charge which prevents any surprise increases in future monthly payments if interest rates were to rise.

Is a cash-out refinance a better option?

You can accomplish similar (HELOC) benefits by considering a cash-out refinance. A cash-out refinance works by writing your existing mortgage into a new mortgage at a higher amount (depending on available equity). This allows you to pay off your current mortgage and receive the difference between the two loans in one lump sum. So you only have one mortgage instead of two, and instead of receiving access to a line of credit, you receive your funds all at once.

Another difference between HELOCs and a cash-out refinance is the way your interest rate works. You’re not stuck with a variable rate like you’d have with a HELOC. Rather you can choose between a fixed-rate or an adjustable-rate mortgage.

Researching loan programs is a great start to understand loan benefits and disadvantages. Yet, an even better approach is to speak with an expert regarding what makes most sense for your financial goals.

Editor’s note: American Financing offers a first lien HELOC and cash out refinances, but does not offer HELOCs in the form of a second mortgage or home equity loans. To learn about ways to access money via your home’s equity, contact one of our salary-based mortgage consultants: (800) 910-4055.